Quantum computing is emerging as one of the most exciting technological fields worldwide in the 21st century. By leveraging the strange properties of quantum physics, quantum computers promise to revolutionize everything from pharmaceutical research to artificial intelligence across the globe. With projections of millions of quantum computing jobs opening up over the next decade, here’s a guide on the education, skills and experience needed to break into the international quantum industry.
Getting the Right Global Quantum Education
While a full quantum degree isn’t essential globally, aspiring quantum professionals worldwide should seek programs emphasizing lab work rather than just theory. Physics, computer science, electrical engineering and mathematics majors also provide good foundations. More insight into this can be found here.
A growing number of universities worldwide now offer undergraduate and postgraduate programs specializing in quantum information science and engineering. These quantum-focused curriculums are major talent pipelines feeding the international quantum industry. Here are some top globally-recognized schools to consider:
University of Waterloo – Waterloo’s Institute for Quantum Computing has become a foremost training ground with the world’s largest concentration of quantum PhDs and researchers working alongside industry partners from across the globe.
University of New South Wales – Australia’s UNSW offers undergraduate quantum engineering majors along with master’s programs in quantum computing and quantum devices allowing students to access the university’s advanced quantum research labs.
University of Tokyo – The University of Tokyo’s Quantum Computing Center provides quantum computing courses and opportunities to access real quantum hardware like superconducting quantum processors.
Entry-Level Global Quantum Jobs
Quantum bachelor’s and master’s graduates worldwide can qualify for a variety of junior roles to gain that all-important professional experience. Here are some typical global starting positions:
Quantum Software Engineer – Entry-level software engineers worldwide write programs and design logic to control quantum computers or simulate quantum systems. Fluency in languages like Python and C++ is key.
Quantum Algorithm Designer – Algorithm designers analyze computational problems and develop protocols leveraging quantum principles to create speed or efficiency improvements over classical approaches. Strong math skills are essential.
Quantum Research Assistant – Research assistant roles at universities and companies across the globe involve conducting science experiments with quantum computing hardware and collecting performance data. The work provides hands-on quantum lab experience.
Quantum Solutions Consultant – Consultants work with public and private sector organizations in their locale to identify business challenges and emerging opportunities that can benefit from quantum advances.
In the early career stage, quantum professionals worldwide should seek employers offering the best opportunities to develop practical skills and build up their capabilities. Government research labs, universities and some startups generally provide richer learning environments than larger corporations.
Expanding Global Quantum Engineering Expertise
After gaining basic proficiency, there are well-defined education and certification paths worldwide to increase quantum knowledge:
Master’s Degrees – Another one or two years of postgraduate school allows recent grads to deepen their mastery in areas like quantum machine learning, quantum error correction strategies or advanced quantum materials science.
Professional Certificates – Hardware engineering certificates in areas like photonics, cryogenics or nanofabrication provide added qualifications for working on international quantum hardware projects.
MBA – Business degrees equip tech professionals to lead research and engineering teams or manage product groups bringing quantum advances to market across the globe.
Hands-on quantum engineering experience remains the most valuable credential for global quantum roles. Aspiring experts should seek roles designing, building and testing real-world quantum use cases versus just theoretical development.
Global Quantum Careers with the Most Potential
Here are some of the quantum occupations expected to be in highest demand worldwide in the coming years:
Quantum Cloud Architect – Architects design the interconnected cloud-based software infrastructure to make robust quantum computing power easily accessible from any device via platforms and APIs anywhere in the world.
Quantum Solutions Architect – Solutions architects analyze computational workflows and design optimized quantum solutions tailored to solve industry or sector-specific problems globally.
Quantum Software Engineer – Software engineers worldwide write programs and logic to control quantum hardware, run quantum algorithms, error-correct quantum systems and simulate quantum properties.
Quantum Computer Engineer – Hands-on builders and testers of quantum computing hardware including semiconductor elements, cryogenic controls, ion traps, photonics, and sensors.
Quantum Cybersecurity Specialist – Cybersecurity specialists research new quantum-secured communications protocols and data encryption methods to protect information and defeat quantum hacking attempts globally.
The Future of Global Quantum Careers
In little over a decade, quantum computing has grown from a scientific curiosity to disrupting multi-billion dollar industries worldwide. PwC estimates the total global quantum industry could reach $453 billion by 2028 as more real-world applications get commercialized across sectors like finance, energy, logistics, artificial intelligence, cybersecurity and more.
With quantum use cases scaling up and computing power expanding every year, quantum-focused careers have an enormous runway ahead globally. Now is the perfect launching point for motivated students, IT professionals, engineers and physicists anywhere in the world to get the right skills to take advantage of quantum’s bright future. The next technological revolution needs talented quantum specialists worldwide making it all possible.